P/N 1390876 - Model M122 Type II Keyboard Details & Specs

IBM 3197 Display Station 122-key Typewriter Keyboard

TypeType
A designation from my own type naming scheme used to categorise this keyboard with or from others by their common features and market intent but may/may not be derived from official names.
Model M Type II 122-key Converged Keyboard
NicknameNickname
A [keyboard enthusiast] community given name for this keyboard. It can be a shortening of its name and properties, a more abstract term, a real-life reference, or metonymy.
Battleship
OEMOEM
Possible companies responsible for making this keyboard for the company marketing it.
IBM
Key-switchesKey-switches
The name of the known switching mechanism that lies under this keyboard's keys.
IBM membrane buckling springs
Earliest AppearanceEarliest Appearance
The year (and possibly the quarter) that this keyboard part number was introduced, first observed, first recorded or the first example found.
1987
Original KeycapsOriginal Keycaps
The keyboard's original keycaps' material and text/symbol printing technique.
PBT with dye-sublimated legends
Casing ColourCasing Colour
The original colour of this keyboard's outer casing. For keyboards whose casing materials are known to yellow, this will refer to the original colour before such transformation occurs.
Pearl White
BrandingBranding
The possible branding and logo styles found on this keyboard part number. This could be multiple styles at once or possible styles found over time.
IBM silver square badge
FeetFeet
The style of this keyboard's flip-out or extendable feet. If applicable, this may also state how many levels of height adjustment are available and whether the feet could be rubberised.
Single-setting elongated flip-out feet
ProtocolProtocol
The protocol(s) this keyboard can use to speak to the host computer (eg, scancode sets).
IBM scancode set 3
ConnectionConnection
The keyboard-to-host connection. This is could be a description of a cable (its colour, whether its coiled, whether its detachable, and what connector is at its end) or the name of a wireless technology.
Grey coiled-style fixed DIN (240) cable
Key CountKey Count
The number of keys that this keyboard originally had.
122
Form FactorForm Factor
The standardised or universally acknowledged name for this keyboard's layout form factor.
120%
Layout/LanguageLayout/Language
Image of Layout/LanguageThe original regional/language layout this keyboard was configured as. Both the language and the standardised key layout may be listed, and in the case of both being known or defined, it will be styled as language then standard.
ISO
Additional NotesAdditional Notes
Extra notes about this keyboard that may be of interest or are important to know.
"Cmdxx" command key block
Source(s)Source(s)
Documents ("Doc"), websites and/or webpages ("Web") that were used as a source of information for this keyboard part number. Examples of this keyboard part number I own ("ASK") will also be included as sources.
Doc: IBM 3179 Color Display Station C Models Brief Description of Announcement, Charges, and Availability (#187-029) [source: IBM]
Data Last Updated 2023-09-17

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Variant of a Model M Type II 122-key Converged Keyboard

The Type 2 122-key Model M was a supplement to the Type 1 "M122" Converged Keyboard introduced less than a year after them. The Type 2 "M122" was formally introduced in June 1986 with the 3270-family IBM 3191 Model A10 and B10 Display Stations and the 5250-family IBM 3196 Model A10 and B10 Display Stations, which were intended to be "attractively-priced" alternatives to earlier terminals such as the IBM 3178 and 5291 Display Stations. In essence, Type 1 was primarily used for terminals that were largely introduced before "M122s", whereas Type 2 was primarily used for the following generation of terminals introduced after Type 1. In February 1987, Type 2 was utilised with the 5250-family IBM 3197 Model C10 and CD0 Color Display Stations and 3197 Model D10 and DD0 Display Stations. Finally, in March 1988, the Type 2 was again used with the IBM 3206 Display Console.

Type 2 "M122s" were effectively a minor iteration of the Type 1 design, retaining the same overall aesthetic from above but began to migrate away from its Model F origin underneath. They are likewise nicknamed "battleship" or "battleship-sized" keyboards due to their sheer size. Besides the Model M-based FIB Keyboard Controller, "M122s" are in general the largest Model M keyboard designs. Being a Converged Keyboard, they have their recognisable top 24-key and lefthand side 10-key function key banks. The 24 keys typically have either "PFxx" (IBM 3270-style) or "Cmdxx" (IBM 5250-style) nomenclature legends. "M122s" typically used typewriter-style functional layouts, but data entry versions were technically available with IBM Card Punch-style alphanumeric legends.

Type 2 "M122s" remain similar looking to Model F Converged Keyboards and are essentially indistinguishable from the top. The best way to differentiate between Model F and Model M Converged Keyboards is the former's use of a black-painted metal bottom cover piece and the latter's use of a dyed pearl-white bottom cover piece. However, the most notable change from Type 1 to Type 2 granted another way of differentiating them - Type 2 "M122s" abandoned the two-setting riser style feet in favour of 'Model M-style' flip-out feet that can only be adjusted from underneath. As such, Type 2 lacks the large grey circular buttons on both sides that Type 1 retained from its Model F predecessor. The usual plastic used for the cover pieces is believed to be PVC. Type 2 usually connected to their host terminals via a permenately attached grey coiled cable terminating in a 240-degree 5-pin DIN plug with a 90-degree plastic jacket. They exclusively used IBM silver-square badges regardless of generation. Some keyboards for 3270-family terminals may have an 8-position DIP switch bank for setting keyboard ID.

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